• #2

    In the US for the Number of Aviation & Aerospace Establishments * (1)

  • 17,144+

    Aerospace-related Companies * (2)

  • 130,000+

    Aerospace-related Employees

DIVERSIFIED STRENGTHS

Florida’s aerospace industry has diversified strengths, highlighted by:

  • Rocket launching and landing at the Cape Canaveral Spaceport
  • Development of navigation and guidance control systems in Orlando and Clearwater
  • Manufacturing of rocket engines as well as advanced helicopter systems in West Palm Beach
  • Small satellite development in Gainesville
  • Significant MRO centers around the state, with particular strength in Miami, Jacksonville, Melbourne, and the Pensacola to Panama City corridor
  • Business jet R&D and manufacturing in Melbourne

Additionally, Florida is a hub for the growing commercial space industry, with current and planned major operations for path-breaking companies such as SpaceX, Blue Origin and OneWeb Satellites.

Our mission is simple: Make Florida the Place for Space.

Partnering

Partnering with industry to grow aerospace in Florida

Space Florida is uniquely empowered by the State Florida with robust tools to aid companies in aerospace and related industries. These powers, which are contained in Space Florida’s state enabling statute (Chapter 331 Part II Florida Statutes), include:

  • Authority to conduct off balance sheet financing transactions (which oftentimes will qualify for operating lease treatment under SFAS 13)
  • Authority to conduct conduit financing transactions in situations where land ownership is not possible (e.g., improvements on federal installations and at airports)
  • Equipment financing
  • Infrastructure funding for improvements within the Florida Spaceports territory (currently NASA/Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, and Cecil Commerce Center)
  • Access to additional financing and workforce recruiting and training support in coordination with our partners at Enterprise Florida, Workforce Florida, and Visit Florida, and local economic development organizations around the state
  • $500 MILLION+

    We have conducted more than $500 million in financing transactions since 2000, allowing a number of companies to defer upfront capital costs on favorable terms as they grow their operations in Florida.

    We look forward to assisting you.

    Learn More

A FEW PAST AND CURRENT PARTNERS

Voices of the industry

  • We are really evolved to be pioneers. We need the frontier. My vision is I want to see millions of people living and working in space.

    Jeff Bezos - Blue Origin

  • Space Florida has laid the foundation for the Space Coast's renaissance as a hub for "new space" industry.

    Tony Gingiss – OneWeb Satellites

  • Creating an off-Earth economy and multi-planet civilization will safeguard the long term prospects of humanity.

    Bob Richards, Moon Express

Vision 2020

Space Florida’s 10 Year Market Strategy

“Vision 2020” is Space Florida’s strategy to target 10 commercial markets in the coming years that will fully utilize Florida’s space launch and processing capabilities, existing skilled workforce, and infrastructure assets. These markets are expanding their use of space-based technologies every day, and Florida plans to become a critical part of the launch, processing, integration and supply chain opportunities that will result.

Space Transportation and Technologies Support Systems

Florida is geographically situated as a near perfect launch location for space missions requiring access to either equatorial or inclined orbits up to 60 degrees (North or South). In addition, several billion dollars worth of launch infrastructure make the state a current leader in military and civil launch operations and afford us entry into a burgeoning commercial market.

Florida’s Edge

  • Location, location, location—near perfect for equatorial launch or for launch to inclined orbits up to 60 degrees
  • Extensive launch infrastructure
  • Record of launch achievement
  • Superlative workforce
  • Legacy culture of quality and safety
  • Strong relationships between military, civil and commercial launch partners and launch services providers

The Market Horizon

Every sector of the launch operations market, whether military, civil (non-DoD
governmental missions) or commercial, is expected to be at least stable during the
next decade. Selected segments of the domestic and international market are
forecast to grow as more countries seek recognition as space faring nations and as
the benefits of commercial space become more widely realized.
Past domestic military and civil markets have largely been the purview of the United
States Federal Government; however, there are strong indications that both NASA
and DoD are beginning to consider the use of more entrepreneurial /commercial
services.

For example, the 2009 Augustine Commission studying “Human Space Flight“
crafted several options which rely on commercial operators to carry cargo (and
ultimately crew) to and from Low Earth Orbit (LEO) and indeed a notion growing in
favor would essentially turn over all civil LEO operations to private industry.

As more countries seek to become space faring nations, they typically focus their
efforts on developing appropriate satellites/payloads and look to purchase a ride on
a launch vehicle. A premium is placed on low cost, reliable launch services. Today the
majority of international customers are buying launch vehicles and launch services
from China, ESA and Russia. Countries such as Japan and India are rapidly becoming
viable providers of launch services while several other countries (Brazil, Israel and
South Korea) are nearing the time when they can offer similar services.

Overlapping the traditional space launch markets are the fledgling personal
spaceflight operators. More than a dozen of these “start up” ventures are in place
representing a myriad of launch and recovery concepts involving vertical and
horizontal land-launched systems to aircraft-launched vehicles with winged land
recovery. All of these concepts must be accommodated within the infrastructure
and command control aspects of the current space and airspace systems.

Timing

  • Immediate and continuous
  • While the nature of the hardware to be launched may vary with mission suitability, the need is both present and certain to continue in multiple forms for the foreseeable future

In Sight and Achievable

  • Suborbital operations for academic and commercial researchers
  • Commercial supply/resupply services to LEO as well as the placement of commercial satellites into all but polar orbits
Satellite Systems and Payloads

Florida is home to an impressive array of satellite, launch and satellite ground systems businesses and infrastructure. With a growing regional research and development environment, Florida is positioned to take a leading role in the small satellite commercial, civil and military marketplace, while maintaining its stellar record in large satellite launch and continuing to grow the marketplace with technology innovation.

Florida’s Edge

  • Extensive launch infrastructure and experience
  • Growing research and technology clusters in South and Central Florida
  • Workforce trained in quality and safety
  • Mature workforce retraining and recertification programs
  • Relationships in all launch sectors from civil to military to commercial to university
  • Florida’s legacy position as a space state—our pride and desire to grow market share

The Market Horizon

Major advances in microprocessors are making smaller communications and remote sensing satellites cost effective solutions to traditional problems and, especially when grouped into networks and constellations, small satellites offer new possibilities to improve defense, communications, scientific research and environmental monitoring. Pico and nano satellites are especially applicable to crop forecasting and monitoring deforestation, glacier retreat, ozone concentrations and other global observations. Local and worldwide disaster monitoring and support of emergency communications links are possible with small satellites used as radio or optical communications relays. Small satellites can also demonstrate novel micro-system technologies in space and host micro-gravity experiments. Satellites represent the bulk of all space launch markets and have the broadest applications to consumer and military markets, with concentration on communication and global monitoring. Large satellites will continue to require heavy-lift capability, which Florida’s extensive infrastructure supports. In addition to large, typically geostationary satellites, the small satellite sector, including pico and nano satellites, will continue to gain momentum because of their relatively fast, inexpensive options for development and launch on smaller rockets.

Timing

  • Sustainable large-scale activities in small (pico and nano) satellites in 36 to 48 months
  • Increased market share in large satellites within the decade

In Sight and Achievable

  • Bring market awareness by linking Florida’s excellent infrastructure and growing satellite supply chain activities
  • Increase university and community college research and training related to satellite markets
  • Continue to streamline commercial launch processes and Air Force Range operations
  • Grow highly regarded satellite processing and launch cluster in terms of business environment and workforce
  • Net new jobs and investment associated with satellite processing, supply chain and greater launch market share

Tactical Development Strategies

Create the world’s most accessible Gateway to Space for large and small satellites

  • With Air Force, develop a highly-regarded, user-friendly launch process for heavy, medium and small lift vehicles from Florida
  • Advocate for industry and university efforts within NASA, DoD, NOAA and FAA policy and legislation related to satellite operations, launch and research
  • Create consortium of key industry entities supported by Space Florida
  • Conduct aggressive marketing nationally and abroad of consortium capabilities
  • Target university and commercial small satellite launch and processing
  • Coordinate efforts with heavy-lift suppliers and Range operator
  • Leverage proven performance with established and new satellite providers for business development
  • Work with Florida Regions to certify additional commercial launch sites

Create small satellite launch, processing, research and supply chain cluster in Florida

  • Support industry and university technology development in pico and nano satellite technologies
  • Facilitate university space missions with industry and government
  • Secure buy-in and cooperation from existing industry
  • Coordinate industry activities such as workshops, conferences, intern programs, research networks, etc.
  • Broker and offer complete service packages from development to launch and satellite operations (with multiple delivery routes)
  • Leverage current assets, space industry cluster and culture to position Florida in emerging markets
  • Ensure capa

Nurture technology, development and small business growth focused on nano/pico satellites

  • Support research in micro/nano electronics, sensors, propulsion, optics, etc.
  • Assist small companies in securing funds for related technology development
  • Recruit companies providing related systems and software for relevant information and communications technologies and services
Ground and Operations Support Systems

As the launch environment changes, entrepreneurial development increases and ISS commercial resupply companies emerge, there is a tremendous opportunity for the State of Florida to expand Ground Support Operations (GSO) to serve multiple launch operators near point of launch, to reverse the more expensive proposition for each launch company to develop the capability in house, and to provide increased services which encourage commercial development.

Florida’s Edge

  • A 50+ year history of successful payload processing and launch operations for hundreds of flights
  • Hundreds of millions of dollars in
  • infrastructure support for payload processing operations
  • Unique payload processing buildings including:
    • The Space Station Processing Facility (SSPF)
    • The Multi Purpose Payload Processing Facility (MPPF)
    • The payload spin test facility
    • The Space Life Sciences Laboratory (SLSL)
    • A privately owned and operated company dedicated to payload processing
  • A fleet of payload carrier vehicles
  • Specially constructed roadways and bridges (including rail operations) that connect the ground operations sites to the launch pads
  • The ability to fuel/defuel payloads with hazardous liquids (hypergolic fuels)
  • A knowledgeable workforce consisting of thousands of payload specialists
  • One of the world’s largest fully automated x-ray installations

The Market Horizon

GSO activities are generally defined, during the conduct of space-related mission operations, as everything not directly associated with launch operations. GSO includes a lengthy assembly, checkout and integration but can also include the design, development, construction, operation and maintenance of those hardware and software elements associated with processing launch vehicles and their payloads (including crew and crew personal equipment).

GSO activities have often been accomplished at some distance from the launch site and the attendant hardware has been shipped to the site just prior to the actual launch. This concept is referred to as “Ship and Shoot”. There is striking evidence that for most complex boosters and payloads the concept is flawed. For example, no Shuttle orbiter was ever launched within one year of its initial arrival at the Kennedy Space Center.

Booster and payloads are often shipped from the prime manufacturer to the launch center where they undergo assembly, checkout and integration activities preceding launch. Often, the contractors have a permanent delegation in residence at the launch site who can provide the technical expertise to effect any required failure analysis, part replacement and/or repair and retest needed to ensure the flight elements are ready on a timely basis for flight. By contrast “Ship and Shoot” requires every failed element to be returned to the vendor for troubleshooting and repair for all but the simplest of
problems.

As the launch tempo increases, there is an increased opportunity for launch operators to want to take advantage of Florida-based GSO-related assets. With the advent of more “start up”/entrepreneurial launch operators, they are almost certain to decide buying some GSO services “by the yard” is considerably less expensive than developing an in-house capability. The Orion OEM went even further and decided final assembly and checkout of the crew and service modules (typically done in a contractor facility) was best accomplished adjacent to the launch site in a building leased from NASA (but
designated as a contractor “plant”).

The next generation heavy-lift booster and its associated payload carrier(s) are expected to make use of very large-scale composite structures. This represents an extraordinary opportunity for the state to acquire (and perhaps operate) fiber placement machines and autoclaves that can support multiple hardware items. There may also be an opportunity for a shared depot and repair center wherein multiple launch and payload contractors could buy storage, machine shop operations, test capability, support laboratory functions, etc. from a single entity.

In Sight and Achievable

  • GSO for suborbital rockets and payloads for commercial and academic research investigations
  • GSO for Commercial resupply service providers

Tactical Development Strategies

  • Market the advantages of GSO in proximity to the launch sites and other government and privately owned infrastructure
  • Publicize the availability of a well-qualified, available and affordable workforce for the operation and maintenance of GSO assets
  • Use Space Florida’s unique(Special District) financial capabilities to develop multi-use infrastructure resources that enable GSO
  • Expand the definition of the Commercial Launch Zone (CLZ) to afford the benefits of the zone to GSO
  • Ensure that the monies appropriated for the Commercial Space Infrastructure Act can be applied to GSO related assets
Agriculture, Climate and Environmental Monitoring

Space technology innovation and utilization supports Florida’s more than nine million acres of farmland, influences many more millions of square kilometers of ocean and wetlands and opens an amazing window on Florida’s future.

Inward focus on the Earth creates a unique capability to collect highly valuable, marketable data on climate and the environment, and provides research advantages in the areas of food production. Remote monitoring of ocean and marine life, forecasting crop yields, collecting data on water quality issues and gauging environmental conditions and trends can help agribusiness create more productive, sustainable and profitable operations.

Florida’s Edge

  • Florida has more than nine million agricultural acres that produce in excess of $7 billion in products annually
  • Florida has tremendous agriculture and marine shoreline test beds for research and end-user programs.
  • Wetlands monitoring is becoming crucial to climate and agriculture interests: activities in these areas will require launch vehicles, ground operations and ongoing research
  • Florida has burgeoning biotech clusters and existing agriculture and marine R&D stature and capabilities
  • Florida has extensive aerospace infrastructure including the science gateway to the ISS, the Space Life Sciences Laboratory
  • Major state and international research partnerships can be built on Florida’s existing capabilities, facilities and expertise

The Market Horizon

Florida’s leadership in core industries of agriculture, life sciences and environmental custodianship is poised to fully intersect with aerospace sectors to provide astounding opportunities for research, business development and environmental monitoring. In the areas of Earth observation, data collection, modeling and research, we can establish the state as a world leader in related sciences and industries using satellite technologies and the International Space Station as a National Laboratory.

For the U.S. Department of Agriculture and others, the ISS offers access to a micro gravity environment for ground breaking biotechnology and biomedical discoveries. The ISS National Laboratory is outfitted with “Ag-Cam”—a multi-spectral camera delivering remote observation benefits direct to Florida agribusiness (and others across the globe). Innovation in electronics for small satellites is paving the way for the collection of improved data of increased variety at more frequent monitoring intervals and significantly reduced cost.

Earth observation from space helps us understand the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), a marine area stretching outward to 200 nautical miles, designated for exploration and use of valuable marine resources. Florida is positioned to offer innovative and comprehensive approaches to fisheries management and other solutions supported by space programs in the maintenance of this 11 million square kilometer national economic and ecological resource.

Timing

  • Within 24 months: Sustainable activity built on existing assets can be obtained
  • Within 24-36 months: Activities by federal agencies such as NOAA, National Marines Fisheries Service, DoD and NSF can be captured
  • ISS will be open as National Lab sometime after 2011

Targets for Florida

  • Florida becomes the lead space-related agriculture business and research state
  • Sizable return on investment in the Space Life Sciences Laboratory is realized
  • Environmental data processing businesses cluster along I-4 Corridor
  • New jobs and new investment associated with agriculture, environment and life sciences clusters emerge
  • Florida agriculture interests show improved crop output, innovations in sustainable farming and increases in annual sales of the state’s agricultural products
  • Florida’s EEZ becomes a focus of Earth observation research

Tactical Development Strategies

  • Promote continued agricultural research by UF and FAMU as only land grant agricultural universities in the state using the Space Life Sciences Lab with experience flying research on the International Space Station
  • Facilitate university/industry working groups
  • Coordinate program and proposal development among state entities
  • Develop special incentives for space-related agriculture and environmental companies
  • Aggressively market Florida assets to federal agencies, other governments and agriculture firms
Civil Protection and Emergency Management

Civil Protection and Emergency Management includes activities in sectors that deal with and minimize impacts and risks from natural disasters and human conflict before they occur, such as evacuations before events; quarantines during; and civil order, rescue and rebuilding in the aftermath. Communications and data technology reliant on satellites and aerospace-developed systems are key in increasing timeliness, and ultimately the success of response, before, during and after emergency events. Multiple agencies and responders must rely on accurate data, communications and ways to integrate emergency actions to be successful.

Florida’s Edge

  • Florida’s established leadership in Emergency Management Industry
  • Diverse and developing IT and simulation sectors
  • Robust communications capabilities
  • Launch/processing capabilities
  • Strong satellite systems and payloads presence, including pico and nano satellite R&D

The Market Horizon

Ongoing threats of hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, wildfires, snow storms, terrorism, floods and pest migrations keep emergency management, civil protection and disaster recovery sectors growing, even through economic downturns and periods of few events. FEMA data and private sector sources estimate the emergency management industry will employ 1.6 million people and spend $65 billion on wages alone by 2012.

Florida is widely considered to have the Nation’s leading emergency management agency and is often cited as the best-prepared state for all hazards thanks to its focus on efficient communication, management and sharing of information by Florida’s Emergency Management office, the State Law Enforcement community, federal agencies, local governments and emergency responders. The state’s vulnerability to hurricanes, combined with its reputation as an excellent emergency manager, its access to space and the state’s research and development assets make it an excellent place to forge the markets forward.

In Sight and Achievable

Florida becomes the global center for industry activities in:

  • Pre- and post-assessment/monitoring through satellite imagery and Geographic Information Systems
  • Communications systems before, during and after emergency events
  • Crisis information management, resource management, emergency notifications and warnings systems
  • Prediction of latent or ancillary effects (satellite imagery) processes

State becomes a hub for emergency management industry innovations in technology and processes

Targets for Florida

  • Florida Emergency Management industry becomes primary resource for FEMA, state emergency management organizations, county and municipal emergency management organizations, first responders (fire, police, hospitals: mobile command/ communications), Red Cross, insurance companies, utility providers and retailers selling to the public
  • Emergency management applications of technologies required for satellite and community data acquisition, analysis and integration, and communications systems becomes key to Florida’s leadership role

Florida becomes leader in providers of:
– Databases of images and information (before and after)
– Monitoring and recording systems
– Impact prediction tools
– Effect prediction tools
– Quick decision data formats
– Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
– Satellite communications

Tactical Development Strategies

Develop Key Partnerships

  • Develop active partnership with the Florida Emergency Preparedness Association and Division of Emergency Management
  • Develop international partnerships and inter-state collaboration with highly effective organizations
  • Partner with other states on an emergency management dedicated satellite

Build on Florida R&D Capabilities

  • Partner with associations, industry and universities to develop a Florida Board for Emergency Management R&D
  • Catalog existing academic and commercial resources
  • Support and encourage aerospace-based demonstration programs
ISS and Human Life Sciences

The International Space Station (ISS) was declared a National Laboratory in 2005. Its role as a National Laboratory opens access to the station for research and industry that will bring resources and national and international significance to the role of the ISS and its eventual ground laboratory extension.

Florida’s Edge

  • Space Life Sciences Lab is an innovative facility with 28 scientific research labs in a 100,000 sq. ft. environmentally controlled building (a $42M investment)
  • NASA will allow research using the ISS National Lab’s 900 cubic feet of experiment space once the station is complete, some time after 2010
  • Science is the primary return on the $100B investment in the ISS by the international partners
  • SLSL is located at Kennedy Space Center, the anchor of the developing commercial Exploration Park
  • SLSL provides proximity to the launch vehicles and pre/post-flight activities
  • There is an available skilled workforce and specialty companies (such as Astrotech Zero G, Starfighters, and SpaceX)

The Market Horizon

Thanks to the state’s investment in the Space Life Sciences Laboratory (SLSL) at Kennedy Space Center, Florida is the best potential location to host affiliated ground-based research, suppliers and science-based payload processing. Florida is
the gateway to the International Space Station, and the gateway to the ISS National Laboratory is the Space Life Sciences Laboratory.

While NASA research on the ISS looks out into the universe, ISS facilities dedicated to the National Lab will focus on inward earth research, facilitating breakthrough scientific discoveries that improve the lives of the inhabitants of Earth. Potential clusters include research, development and commercialization of biomedical, agricultural, environmental and manufacturing technologies.

As a principal adjunct for the ISS National Laboratory, Florida’s Earth-based laboratory could potentially host significant research activities sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, the US Department of Agriculture, Department of Defense, and the Department of Energy and attract commercial companies involved in bio-technology, as well as sponsored university research requiring ground-based facilities and research support for early phases of investigation, payload development, assembly and check out, as well as astronaut/operator training. Early designation of a Florida facility will also enhance capabilities for future commercial space research platforms, such as created by Bigelow Aerospace.

The capture plan will ensure Florida’s success in leveraging its launch leadership and the Space Life Sciences Laboratory to secure a position in the National Laboratory Network and realize the associated near and long-term economic benefits.

Timing

  • NASA’s target for the initial non-NASA use of the ISS National Lab is 2011
  • The market is already beginning to emerge in Florida with bioresearch into areas such as food-borne toxin investigation
  • Texas and California are already developing capture programs for the ISS affiliated ground facilities

In Sight and Achievable

  • Return on State of Florida investment in the Space Life Sciences Laboratory
  • Space Life Sciences Laboratory becomes the designated support facility for the ISS National Lab—formally recognized as part of the National Laboratory infrastructure
  • Space Florida named to the ISS National Laboratory policy group
  • Florida becomes the recognized gateway to the ISS for launch, payload processing and packaging
  • Exploration Research Park becomes a hub for pre-and post-flight business
  • Jobs and investment for cluster industries associated with National Labs come to Florida

Tactical Development Strategies

  • Develop and implement Capture Plan for Ground Based Support Laboratory of ISS National Laboratory
  • Coordinate industry-led Florida consortium (industry, academia, others) to support National Laboratory affiliation for Space Life Sciences Laboratory, create consortium-led research programs, funding pursuits and agency liaison
  • Engage in an education program for life science, pharmacology, materials development, energy and other R&D entities/organizations not yet aware of the benefits of research and testing in space or the significance of the ISS National Laboratory designation opportunity
  • Market capabilities of the ISS National Laboratory; outreach to potential markets on the attributes of space (location, microgravity, vacuum, temperatures, etc.) and how these factors can facilitate research and production; promote consortium partnership, Exploration Research Park facilities and Space Life Sciences Laboratory capabilities, joint marketing and capture plan
Communications, Cybersecurity and Robotics

Aerospace-based communications systems comprise a key component of the world’s critical information and communications technology infrastructure, and much of the advanced software and systems developed for aerospace applications also present great crossover opportunity to build key target industries for Florida in information security and robotics. Aerospacecommunications sector 2008 revenues were more than $90 billion in commercial markets alone.

Cybersecurity includes software and monitoring activities that protect computers, networks and communications from accidental or malicious harm, and is key to trade, defense, transportation and crime prevention.

Robotics, relied upon heavily in space exploration, has intersecting applications in manufacturing, medicine and processes carried out in harsh environments.

Communications infrastructure and providers of voice, video and data support the global information economy, national defense, homeland security and virtually every market constellation target in the Space Florida Vision 2020.

Florida’s Edge

  • Florida’s photonics cluster is one of the best-established in the nation and includes preeminent optics and photonics manufacturers, integrators and end users, with total sales exceeding $2.2 billion
  • Florida hosts a $1.2 billion microelectronics and nanotechnology industry along the High-Tech corridor with crossover opportunities in development of robotics, satellites and ground equipment
  • South Florida’s telecommunications and information technology industries are driven by its network of fiber optic routes and its Tier-1 Network Access Point of the Americas, which is a telecommunications hub that links the Americas with the rest of the world
  • Multiple launch complexes, coupled with the state’s unsurpassed talent base and development options for ground-based operations, are key to capturing more launch and support operations

The Market Horizon

Aerospace-based communications activities in all facets of satellite systems and services have been growing throughout the global economic downturn and promise new opportunities for Florida’s 24,000 information and communications technology companies and the quarter million people they employ statewide. Likewise, the application of cybersecurity systems is growing as the world economy becomes more reliant on information technology, and areas of manufacturing and defense leverage robotic technologies to reduce costs and improve safety.

Key crossover sectors include digital media, microelectronics, photonics/optics, simulation and training and mobile technologies, which all have clear prospects in end-user products and services, ground equipment and manufacturing for communications. Current activity in microelectronics, photonics and mobile technologies supports satellite network equipment, gateways, control and ground stations, consumer equipment and direct broadcast satellite dishes. Growth in these ground support sectors was more than 19 percent in 2007, was 34 percent in 2008 and is forecasted for continued expansion. In addition, Florida’s High Tech Corridor has emerged as a global hotspot for simulation and training as well as digital media and interactive entertainment, which support the thriving broadcast market.

Launch services in relation to communications satellites is an area of increasing opportunity for Florida. Space Florida
is continuing target enhancement of key launch facilities, developing the Commercial Launch Zone and working with the Air Force and its control of the Eastern Range to strive toward more streamlined, cost-effective processes for commercial customers.

Timing

  • Markets within broadcast and mobile communications are immediate opportunities with the adoption of direct satellite television and mobile technologies for remote regions on the rise
  • Advancements and new demand in IT and availability of a precision-focused labor force creates immediate opportunities for development of Florida’s commercial base in ground operations and services

In Sight and Achievable

  • Increase in global market share of communications satellite development, launch and operations for commercial, civil and defense markets
  • Expansion of existing IT clusters into ground operations activities for broadcast, mobile and fixed communications systems
  • Application of advanced aerospace software capabilities to grow cybersecurity and robotics clusters statewide

Tactical Development Strategies

  • Market and support Florida’s Commercial Launch Zone, extensive launch and industrial infrastructure and its superb workforce
  • Create partnerships with key IT players including cluster trade groups, research centers and related companies developing advanced software for cybersecurity and robotic systems
  • Work with related industries to capture programs that help Florida build presence in the growing markets for consumer-oriented products and services including satellite TV and broadband, training and distance learning and mobile technologies
Adventure Tourism

Space tourism includes activities with space themes available to the general public for entertainment purposes on the ground, in the air or in space. Florida offers easy access to all.

Florida’s Edge

  • Florida’s superior mid- to high-end tourism infrastructure
  • Proximity to the launch vehicles and pre-/post-flight activities
  • Hospitality and aerospace workforce and specialty companies (such as Stretch, Zero G, Starfighters and SpaceX)
  • A wide spectrum of micro gravity testing environments ranging from Fastrack and parabolic flights up to and including long duration, on orbit testing via either government or commercial providers.

The Market Horizon

More than 82 million visitors generated $62 billion. Tourism represented more than 10 percent of Florida’s overall GDP in 2008, and numbers are expected to grow as the world’s economy recovers.

Florida’s tourism edge and its position as the threshold for human space travel are advantages that can clearly maximize the state’s capability to capture the global space tourism market. By capitalizing on our strengths and legacies, Florida can exploit markets with multiple stakeholders, expand the markets for tourism into super-high-wealth individuals, and can capture true high-end adventure, all while raising awareness of Florida’s aerospace industry.

Florida already has the capability to offer ground-based experiences, such as rides, simulators and training programs; and adventure experiences such as micro gravity and high-speed flights. Extreme Adventure space experiences will eventually include suborbital options that launch and land at the same site and those that launch tourists, take them into space and land at another site. Orbital space tourism is currently conducted by only one company launching from Russia to the International Space Station. However, several companies are developing technology to enter and expand this market, and Florida’s stronghold on tourism makes it a logical base for operations.

Timing

  • In place: Market and infrastructure for ground-based (mid-price level) experiences
  • In place: Market and infrastructure for aviation (high-price level) experiences
  • By 2011: Industry consortium development
  • By 2012: Technology for sub-orbital launch and return option available
  • By 2014: Technology for sub-orbital transportation flights available
  • Markets and infrastructure for Florida-based orbital flights
  • Work with the FAA to support pre-flight optimal medical guidelines for passenger space adventure tourism
  • Work with VISIT FLORIDA to enhance space tourism market growth, both national and international

Targets for Florida

  • Florida becomes the leading space tourism region in the world
  • Florida-based consortium of space/tourism industry leaders
  • Space Florida-FLA USA joint initiatives
  • Space experience for every tourism cost point/level
  • Increase public awareness and excitement surrounding space
  • Expand market opportunities for ground-based experiences
  • Expand market opportunities for aviation
  • Expand market opportunities for simulation
  • Expand market opportunities for space experiences

In Sight and Achievable

  • Expansion of Florida’s market share in medium, high and ultra-high end tourism markets
  • Development of Florida’s adventure tourism markets
  • Establish the state as a leader in Space Adventure Tourism
  • High-visibility space activities to support Florida’s image and capabilities

Tactical Development Strategies

  • Create state Space Adventure Tourism Consortium
  • Broker experience bundles (arrival to departure)
  • Develop the experience, bundle the experience: orientation, training, physical, fitting of personal equipment
  • Fold into state tourism marketing programs
  • Enhance state partnerships (OTTED, VISIT FLORIDA, Space Florida)
  • Commercially-funded hospitality fellowships through VISIT FLORIDA, Rosen School, hoteliers associations, Orlando Visitors and Convention Bureau
Clean Energy

Florida ranks third among states in total energy consumption and the demand is increasing at an annual rate of 3.6%, which is well above the national average. Fossil fuels are used to generate 85% of the state’s electricity, while nuclear and renewable generation account for only 12% and 3%, respectively. The state has virtually no known fossil fuel reserves. We import almost 100% of our fuel needs from domestic and international sources in the form of coal, oil, petroleum products and natural gas (including liquid NG). Further complicating the supply problem is the total absence of refinery capability in the state. The state’s heavy usage of fossil-fueled power generation (we are number one in the country) also means that we generate a disproportionate share of undesirable emissions. In 2007, our electric power industry alone generated 127 million metric tons of carbon dioxide, or about 6% of the nation’s total. Our sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides were similarly of note.

Florida’s Edge

  • A dedicated Governor’s Office for Energy, The Department of Environmental Protection, the Florida Public Service Commission, and the Florida Energy and Climate Control Commission
  • An enthusiastic legislature
  • The Florida Energy System Consortium (comprised of 11 colleges and universities)
  • The Florida Solar Energy Center
  • The Kennedy Space Center laboratories, facilities, and technical expertise
  • An affordable, high technology work force
  • The newly commissioned Exploration Park (including the Space Life Sciences Laboratory)
  • World class agricultural and oceanic technologies
  • A power generation industry committed to change

The Market Horizon

Federal and state energy policies are evolving mostly around concepts such as “20% of our energy from clean renewable sources by 2020” and “reduce greenhouse emissions 40% by 2025.”

A December 2008 study for the Florida Governor’s Energy Office identifies solar (photovoltaic), offshore wind and biomass (solid) as having the most technical potential for the state. Florida already generates about 3.5% of its electricity from biomass, but equally important is the emergence of solar farms in the state and the keen interest in offshore wind turbines.

29,000 vehicles use alternative fuels today (not including millions of vehicles that make use of ethanol/gasoline blended fuels or diesel). Additionally, the state has been at the forefront of demonstrating hydrogen-powered vehicles and in the creation of hydrogen filling stations.

We must recognize that “Clean” energy is defined as highly efficient and/or renewable energy. Hence, technologies that make conventional power generation more efficient, or cleaner or less expensive are valuable in their own right just as is the development and deployment of power generation systems based on renewable resources.

Timing

  • Within 24 months have one or more entrepreneurial energy related companies resident in either Exploration Park or the CLZ
  • Within 24 months have an alternative and clean energy source in field demonstrations coupled with an existing conventional power system
  • Within 36 months have an alternative clean energy source in field demonstrations as an adjunct to a solar farm (to provide 24-hour power generation)
  • Within 24 to 36 months have a program underway aimed at improving the efficiency of conventional, internal combustion engine power generation technologies (to include the use of diesel, hydrogen and biomass fuels such as ethanol and algae)

Targets for Florida

  • Florida becomes a recognized hub for the development and implementation of alternative, clean, renewable energy technologies and systems
  • Florida’s energy imports are significantly reduced and the citizens and businesses of the state benefit from affordable, reliable energy with an emphasis on electricity and transportation devices
  • Our energy user community reaps the benefits of affordable, reliable, non-polluting power generation whether it be for heating and air conditioning, transportation or industrial usage
  • New jobs are created and capital investments accrue to the state from the introduction of clean energy technologies and systems

Tactical Development Strategies

Energy can neither be created nor destroyed but it can be converted (sunlight to electricity via photo voltaic materials), transported (electricity via a grid) and stored (batteries). These three functions of conversion, transport and storage are at the center of the technologies required to successfully implement clean energy strategies. The role of Space Florida is to act as a broker and match the needs of the energy community to the capabilities of the aerospace sector, and in so doing create an environment in which new jobs are realized.

To accomplish these objectives Space Florida will:

  • Work with state and local government to create appropriate incentives
  • Belong to those industry/government/academic consortiums that are energy centric
  • Take advantage of the Special District monetary and tax provisions allowed by charter
  • Investigate the establishment of a special energy zone along the lines of a Free Trade Zone with particular emphasis on Exploration Park, the Commercial Launch Zone and use of the Space Life Sciences Laboratory
Advanced Materials and New Products

The markets of interest to the state are heavily dependent on advanced materials and technologies. Ideally the enabling technologies would be readily available and we need only connect suppliers with the users. However, in some cases, a breakthrough, invention or non-traditional application is required for a market to be realized. These two different views of technology are known as “technology push” and “technology pull”. Florida’s industry, academic and federal laboratories are at the leading edge of technology innovation and application. It remains only for Space Florida to serve as a broker and in select, very high value situations to act as a catalyst in order to employ technology such that it leads to job growth.

Florida’s Edge

  • A large population of entrepreneurial technology companies
  • Colleges and Universities that emphasize research and development (The Florida Center for Advanced Aerodynamics and Propulsion was created by the state legislature and funded at $14M)
  • The laboratories and technical expertise of the Kennedy Space Center.
  • Exploration Park and Space Life Sciences Laboratory
  • An affordable, high technology work force
  • The Governor’s Office of Tourism, Trade and Economic Development
  • Emerging Federal Policy and Funding for state efforts centered on Clean Energy related technologies and products
  • Home to commercial space operations
  • A power generation industry committed to change
  • Active change agents comprised of the FHTC, Florida Space Grant Consortium, the Florida Space Institute

The Market Horizon

The market for advanced materials is in two segments, one characterized by very large hardware elements and a second in which micro and nano materials are used in end products of varying sizes.

The exploration of space beyond low Earth orbit is totally dependent on a heavy lift capability. By definition any heavy lift vehicle will be comprised of dimensionally large pieces which imposes the need for appropriate manufacturing processes. Very large metal launch vehicle parts require the use of expensive large friction stir welders of which there are at present none in the state. Vehicles of the future will combine metal parts with composite parts much as do today’s military and commercial aircraft. The introduction of very large composite parts requires correspondingly large and expensive autoclaves for the related curing process. Typically the “throughput” of a cure process involving autoclaves limits production efficiency since a single cure cycle is measured in days. Additionally, autoclaves require large amounts of uninterrupted electricity. (Loss of power during the cure results in scrapping very high value parts). Accordingly, there is a premium associated with developing a cure process that can be employed in ambient conditions of temperature, humidity and pressure.

At the other end of the spectrum are nano materials (those whose size is measured in millionths of a meter). These materials have some extraordinary properties. Copper can become transparent, gold becomes a liquid at room temperature, and perhaps most importantly, conductive materials can be made to carry almost infinite amounts of current. These materials are being introduced into end products today in limited applications and have an extraordinarily bright future for both terrestrial and non-terrestrial applications.

Timing

  • Within 12 months compile a listing of those Florida groups that possess (or are in the development of) advanced materials capabilities
  • Within 24 months be involved with one or more companies in a Space Act Agreement with NASA for a technology that has both space and other applications. An energy based SAA is the likely the subject of the first such agreement
  • Within 36 months enable the successful transport a of technology or advanced material from one market sector to another
  • Within 36 months have a plan for a Florida manufacturing center focused on large assemblies

Targets for Florida

  • Florida becomes a recognized focus point for the development and use of advanced materials and technologies for space applications which also have broader application potential for other disciplines and markets (such as energy, agriculture, life science, etc.)
    • For example, today’s MRIs use magnets which are cryogenically cooled but tomorrow, through advanced nano materials, may be able to operate in an ambient room environment. Similarly, a magnet that can control the thrust in a plasma engine for space could also be used to deliver small doses of medicine directly to diseased cells thereby negating the requirement to flood the entire body with drugs
  • Be able to demonstrate that an investment in advanced materials and technologies leads to job growth in a wide spectrum of end products

Tactical Development Strategies

  • Create a capability to manufacture large scale hardware elements associated with exploration
  • Be at the forefront of developing solutions to on-orbit fueling for earth departure vehicles and radiation protection for long duration space exploration operations
  • Be a leader for extraterrestrial surface operations including habitation, in situ resource utilization, launch, logistics, etc. (in direct support of KSC’s chartered tasks)
  • Enable the use of high technology and advanced materials in support of the energy market (power generation, transmission and storage)
  • Promote the use of high technology and advanced materials for: 1) increased efficiency of operation for traditional internal combustion engines and 2) the introduction of alternative fuels and/or propulsion devices for both stationary and vehicular applications